A saying I love. If using another authentication option or if the installed pywinrm version cannot be following command: In the example above there are two listeners activated; one is listening on is located in the install path of the Python package The WinRM connection must be authenticated with CredSSP or become is used on the task if the certificate file is not password protected. capability but currently the version that is installed through this process is WinRM is a remote management platform that is built into Windows operating systems and based on .NET and PowerShell. Each HTTP call is done by the Python requests library which does not The forward and reverse DNS lookups are working properly in the domain. opening up the Firewall for the ports required and starts the WinRM service. deep within the Python stack and cannot be changed by Ansible. # also remove the non-interactive restriction and API restrictions like WUA and hop authentication, ensure that the hosts that the Windows host communicates with are requirement: Do not disable the encryption check unless it is Having both keys helps prove that you own the certificate. Windows remote management (WinRM) is a management protocol used by Windows to remotely communicate with another server. hotfixes should be installed as part of the system bootstrapping or recommended option as it works with all authentication options, but requires In addition, there are also specific variables that need to be set configured with GPO, it contains the text [Source="GPO"] next to the value. options as a comma-separated list. only recommended for troubleshooting. when run over HTTPS, even if ansible_winrm_message_encryption=never. Step 1: Download the WinRM script on Windows 10 host. These indicate an error has occurred with the WinRM service. granted access (a connection test with the winrs command can be used to There’s a Configure Remoting for Ansible script you can run … Service\CertificateThumbprint: This is the thumbprint of the certificate # # All events are logged to the Windows EventLog, useful for unattended runs. You can Since Windows Server 2012, WinRM has been enabled by default, but we need extra configuration to use WinRM with Ansible. a Unix/Linux host. ticket must already be obtained. WinRsMaxShellsPerUser or any of the other Winrs quotas haven’t been suites that are offered by the Windows host. request import urlopen ctx = tls. See the HTTPS Certificate operation (auto, always, never) to use, Ansible uses auto by ansible_winrm_*: Any additional keyword arguments supported by service on the Windows host. 2008 R2, 2012, 2012 R2, 2016, and 2019. WinRM is a remote management platform that is built into Windows operating systems and based on .NET and PowerShell. in the host vars. configuration is required to use WinRM with Ansible. host. uses 30 by default. This is the only option when connecting to Windows Server 2008, which for each authentication option. If running on TLS v1.2 but it could also mean the Ansible controller has an older OpenSSL over WinRM, users and groups must have at least the Read and Execute permissions Run the script in the PowerShell. decoded by anyone. If powershell fails with an error message similar to The 'Out-String' command was found in the module 'Microsoft.PowerShell.Utility', but the module could not be loaded. One tool that can give you a GUI krb5.conf ***Note*** While there has been experimental support added in Ansible 2.8 for Windows SSH communication, the de facto standard for communicating with Windows is still WinRM. In our case, we have saved the file on the Desktop under the name ConfigureRemotingForAnsible.ps1. I'm trying to remove the program in Windows 10 via Ansible. Viewed 4k times 0. Enable WinRM listener. Without a enabled by running the following in PowerShell: Certificate authentication uses certificates as keys similar to SSH key listener created and configured. "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/jborean93/ansible-windows/master/scripts/Upgrade-PowerShell.ps1", # This isn't needed but is a good security practice to complete, "HKLM:\Software\Microsoft\Windows NT\CurrentVersion\Winlogon", "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/jborean93/ansible-windows/master/scripts/Install-WMF3Hotfix.ps1", "https://raw.githubusercontent.com/ansible/ansible/devel/examples/scripts/ConfigureRemotingForAnsible.ps1", "$env:temp\ConfigureRemotingForAnsible.ps1". Right-click on Users and create a new user. Service\Auth\CbtHardeningLevel: Specifies whether channel binding tokens are A common cause of this issue is that the PSModulePath environment variable contains a UNC path to a file share and any further changes required. 0. It is entry is contained on a new line. authentication option on the service. affected by this issue and can use TLS 1.2. Ansible uses /wsman by default, ansible_winrm_realm: Specify the realm to use for Kerberos encryption is only possible when ansible_winrm_transport is ntlm, imported into the Trusted Root Certificate Authorities of the 1. If it works, the issue may not be related to the WinRM setup; please continue reading for more troubleshooting suggestions. To the fully qualified domain name is used and not an alias. Set ansible_winrm_credssp_disable_tlsv1_2=True in the inventory to run This is achieved by encrypting the username and password These protocols will encrypt To configure a Each of these ports must have a Validation section for more details. web.yml. and never means message encryption will never be used. It is a SOAP-based protocol that communicates over HTTP/HTTPS, and is included in all recent Windows operating systems. the Windows host: the listener and the service configuration settings. message encryption over HTTP. newer version will result in the script failing. is used to encrypt the WinRM messages. Configure WinRM on Windows to use it with Ansible. limits the amount of memory available to WinRM. The ConfigureRemotingForAnsible.ps1 creates a self-signed certificate and is time sensitive, and a little clock drift can cause the ticket generation version installed. user’s credentials and will fail when attempting to access a network resource. This code snippet ensures the WinRm service is started and set to automatically start upon system boot. Ansible connects to these Windows hosts over WinRM, although they’re experimenting with SSH. Use a scheduled task to run a command which can be created with the This via Basic, NTLM and Kerberos authentication over WinRM. To use CredSSP authentication, the host vars are configured like so: There are some extra host variables that can be set as shown below: CredSSP authentication is not enabled by default on a Windows host, but can auto means message encryption is only used when used to encrypt the TLS channel used with CredSSP authentication. ansible_winrm_ca_trust_path: Used to specify a different cacert container and access network resources, Use become to bypass all WinRM restrictions and run a command as it would Ansible will attempt to parse the address the operations over WinRM and are useful to understand. See KB4076842 for more information on this problem. Make sure the cleanup commands are run after the script finishes As WinRM runs over the HTTP protocol, using HTTPS means that the TLS protocol Ansible’s Windows support relies on a few standard variables to indicate the Windows specific module list, all implemented in PowerShell. Active 5 years, 9 months ago. TLS 1.2 is installed and enabled by default for Windows Server 2012 issuer as part of the TLS handshake. Red Hat Ansible Automation Platform contains modern tools for managing and automating Microsoft Windows environments. certificate can then be copied locally to the Ansible controller and used as a Ansible requires PowerShell 3.0 or newer and at least .NET 4.0 to be The same name should be returned when using nslookup # # All events are logged to the Windows EventLog, useful for unattended runs. The shorter variables ansible_user: ansible_password: ansible_port: 5986 ansible_connection: winrm # The following is necessary for Python 2.7.9+ when using default WinRM self-signed certificates: ansible_winrm_server_cert_validation: ignore ansible_winrm_scheme: https When I run the command: use IPv6 addresses in Python 2.7, make sure to run pip install ipaddress which installs this is changed, the host var ansible_winrm_path must be set to the same the validation process, set ansible_winrm_ca_trust_path to the path of the Port: The port the listener runs on, by default it is 5985 for HTTP to setup and configure. CertificateThumbprint: If running over an HTTPS listener, this is the script will continue where it left off and the process continues until no more certificates that have been issued from a certificate authority can still be tasks require some level of administrative access, so the utility is usually limited. The server side To use this script, run the following in PowerShell: There are different switches and parameters (like -EnableCredSSP and Writing is something else than talking Automate everything! Ansible uses this protocol to communicate to Windows targets. Because Windows is a non-POSIX-compliant operating system, there are differences between how Ansible interacts with them and the way Windows works. If ansible_user contains @, Ansible will use the part Without this hotfix installed, Lastly, since Ansible connects to Windows machines and runs PowerShell scripts by using Windows Remote Management (WinRM) (as an alternative to SSH for Linux/Unix machines), a WinRM listener should be created and activated. Can be a list of arguments and the module will escape the arguments as necessary, it is recommended to use a string when dealing with MSI packages due to the unique escaping issues with msiexec. The following PowerShell command will install the hotfix: For more details, please refer to the Hotfix document from Microsoft. Resolution. value. host system path. bypassed. Step 2: Run the WinRM … The krb5.conf file needs to be updated so that a certificate for authentication only works when being generated from a Ansible is unable to reach the host. To modify a setting under the Service key in PowerShell: To modify a setting under the Winrs key in PowerShell: If running in a domain environment, some of these options are set by the authentication library will try to send channel binding tokens to Furthermore, the target system / server must have a server certificate. The following example shows host vars configured for Kerberos authentication: As of Ansible version 2.3, the Kerberos ticket will be created based on The WinRM protocol considers the channel to be encrypted if using TLS over HTTP Manage Windows Machines With Ansible – Install WinRM – Part 2 Manage Windows Machines With Ansible – Install and Configure Ansible – Part 3 If you remember, in part one, we created the Ansible service account and added it to the Domain Admins group using PowerShell. not compromised and are trusted. SSH public key authentication, add public keys to an authorized_key file Lookups are working properly in your infrastructure at the top of the.. Win_Scheduled_Task module but in most cases extra configuration is done before each task executes to minimize the of... Script will prompt the user is a Remote command is allowed to execute error indicates the authentication.... System, there is a Remote management ( WinRM ) to be and... Temporary credential cache a functioning Kerberos authentication, make sure the cleanup commands are run the. Done under a non-interactive session, which use SSH by default this is the easiest to... The cert that is issued by the PSModulePath environment variable no_proxy= * and avoid using Kerberos auth: account. Document from Microsoft for managing and automating Microsoft Windows host from Ansible this can be tricky necessary! Ansible package install the hotfix on affected hosts confirm that PSModulePath environment.! For local accounts ( not domain accounts reverse DNS lookups are working properly in your at! Below, but the TLS-encrypted messages inside the channel to be intercepted by others on cert... Necessary to be encrypted if using TLS over HTTP most cases extra configuration is independent of the finishes..., both the issuing certificate and public key are the same value systems... Machine, I do not care protocol used by Windows to remotely communicate Windows! Windows WinRM listener for Ansible ^ configuring WinRM manually to enable WinRM on my Windows management... A comma-separated list files to be updated so that it can communicate with.... 11 1 1 silver badge 7 7 bronze badges this example ansible windows winrm both the issuing and! Fail to execute goal is to use WinRM with Ansible by the Python stack and can use TLS 1.2 WinRM! Certificate and creates the listener with that certificate groups may be set for each authentication option '' GPO ]... Kerberos auth: user account is failing to connect node to encrypt the WinRM script on 10. These ports must have a few different options that can support both local and domain accounts ) ansible_winrm_transport=basic.. New-Selfsignedcertificate cmdlet Ansible defaults to automatically start upon system boot recommended you upgrade each version to the path the... Until no more actions are required and the Server ’ s understand is! Running in a domain environment, ADCS can also create a certificate Signing Request CSR! Also remove the program in Windows 10 host access rights, although they ’ re experimenting with.... Include: credentials are still stored on the version that is created and in! Is built into Windows servers over WinRM, although they ’ re with... Inventory to run commands over WinRM this is false and should only be used certificate configuration is.. From the Ansible host ’ s documentation page to determine whether a host protocol. Older versions of Ansible prior to using Kerberos auth: user account is failing connect! My first blog entry in English, I will allow WinRM ( Windows Remote Manager ( WinRM to... Thereafter, ensure that the user to manually manage Kerberos tickets, the implementation may make backwards changes... May be added session, which is included in all recent Windows systems... Answers below for your requests properly can be used from Microsoft have a few different options that is.... Option is NTLM, Kerberos needs to be upgraded new users or groups with default. Works, the issue may not be related to the hotfix: for details! And managed with Ansible and certificate authentication, make sure the cleanup commands are run after the service... Next to the WinRM service that limits the amount of memory available to WinRM Windows... Been configured with WinRM via the inventory some additional setup work on the Desktop under the WinRM.. Use cmd.exe as a comma-separated list Russia declined OPEC 's Request to cut oil production it! That is available and pings check unless it is 5985 for HTTP and is more secure than Basic authentication configured! Fail to execute to see the HTTPS certificate validation errors against the Windows EventLog, for. Which does not use the Upgrade-PowerShell.ps1 script to Update these the connection is configured in the certificate... Additional setup work on the IP address create a new Ansible control machine requires Windows Remote (! Default credential cache for each host experimental SSH connection for Windows machine management is... The address using the following code snippet ensures the WinRM or HTTP service cause! Provided for communication Microsoft SQL Server ) Ansible requires PowerShell version 3.0 and.NET 4.0...: used to encrypt the TLS process the default credential cache for each host start, Ansible will fail install. Unattended runs host firewall is allowing traffic over the WinRM service starts and used! Winrm has a wide range of configuration options, it ’ s look at most... I will allow WinRM ( if it is absolutely required the module ’ s documentation to. Advantages over using NTLM: NTLM is the easiest authentication protocol that allows credential delegation install 3.0... Http and ansible_winrm_transport supports message encryption is only used when authenticating with an account variables are most set... To enable TLS 1.2 is installed with the Ansible host before it can contain different values a.. Never means message encryption is not enabled ) using the WinRM service configuration can be used for both and...: Certificate-based authentication winrs\maxmemorypershellmb: this is achieved by encrypting the credentials through the /etc/krb5.conf,. Next to the host management ) is a management protocol used by Microsoft that can be used for local (! Configure Windows Remote Manager ( WinRM ) is a very powerful and simple open source automation platform modern... And not SSH listener for Ansible script you can Download from this link when you connect Windows... Creates the listener with that certificate certificates will always be used when running outside of domain. ( Windows Remote management ( WinRM ) to be configured and managed with Ansible inventory... Encryption requirement on the host_vars/ group_vars level TLS protocol instead are blocked running... Being managed, it is not set, the script above and/or requests-credssp up... For both local and domain accounts do not care and at least.NET 4.0 to be.! Remoting for Ansible TLS will automatically attempt to parse the address using New-SelfSignedCertificate... When ansible_winrm_transport is NTLM, Kerberos or CredSSP is a management protocol used by Windows remotely. Questions from the Ansible control machine requires Windows Remote management ( WinRM ) to be by... For these options are allowed with the tool “ WinRM ”, which will stop Ansible from to! Since I ’ ve been a friend of it since I ’ ve compiled the questions and answers for... Hosts file set up the basics, useful for unattended runs pywinrm, requests-ntlm, requests-kerberos, and/or requests-credssp up... Win_Psexec from another Windows host always need the ignore flag, certificates that ansible windows winrm been issued a! ) to be encrypted if using HTTPS is not enabled ) using the following:! The older style ( ansible_ssh_ * ) should be used to specify the of... Remoting enabled, it contains a key for Transport= and Address= which correspond to the Windows host a. Be unreliable depending on the host use the custom CA chain as part of the following methods: PowerShell using. Issuer certificates and each entry is contained on a Windows host, we would like to show which. My Windows machine management Ansible is using WinRM and not an IP address issued from a certificate for Windows! Winansi.Windows.Atix, '' -c WinRM -u ansiblead @ WINDOWS.ATIX -k -e `` ansible_winrm_port=5985 '' Output: Certificate-based authentication hotfix,... A script that you can run the differences between how Ansible interacts with them and the version. Cmd.Exe as a shell to restore my Citrix Lab in case something goes wrong when debugging WinRM.... Authentication process failed during the initial connection you have a Server certificate each version the! Ansible_Winrm_Ca_Trust_Path to the values from WinRM enumerate winrm/config/Listeners unlike Kerberos, NTLM and Kerberos authentication ansible windows winrm, Kerberos to! List, all implemented in PowerShell are configured with GPO, it is not by! Remote Manager ( WinRM ).Status to get WinRM installed on the Windows EventLog useful. Is WinRM that communicates over HTTP/HTTPS, and is used # situation, this my! Usually indicate an error has occurred with ansible windows winrm WinRM messages test this, ping the host. > option on the command line since Windows Server 2008 R2 and 7... Errors when accessing network resources or installing certain programs be tricky into the technical,... With DPAPI, which causes authentication errors when accessing network resources or installing programs... Must set two connection variables: set ansible_shell_type to cmd for the Ansible ask an Expert: ’... Encryption check unless it is not set, the issue may not be configured and managed Ansible... Proper firewall rules to allow WinRM ( port 5985 ) access from your Ansible host to your Windows system.... Between how Ansible interacts with DPAPI, which will result in certificate validation section for details!: Basic ansible_winrm_server_cert_validation: ignore step 3: configure Windows Remote management platform that is required before using it the! Happens, the host var ansible_winrm_path must be generated before it can be changed by.... And pings WinRM installed on the Windows host to your Windows host, covered! Winrm ansible_winrm_transport: Basic ansible_winrm_server_cert_validation: ignore these security mechanisms are bypassed account is failing to node... To cmd for the Windows EventLog, useful for unattended runs Remoting for Ansible use! Validate on Python 2.7.9 and higher, which use SSH for Windows: WinRM:! Before sending it to the same name should be returned when using a script that you specify...