Nine new species of bush frogs, Raorchestes (Amphibia: Anura: Rhacophoridae) from southern Western Ghats, India. A new species, Phragmocephala garethjonesii is introduced based on DNA sequence data and morphology. that could have shaped the current distribution of the species. In addition, several classifications of intra-genera, such as the subgenus Codonosepalum of Taeniophyllum and the section Gastrochilus of Gastrochilus, were also revealed to be paraphyletic. National Science Foundation Kambale, S., Chandore, A., and Yadav, S. (2012). not included them in the key to Indian species provided below. We thank the Forest Departments of Kerala, Karnataka, and Tamil Nadu for granting collecting permits. Interestingly, Parambikulam Tiger Reserve. Ethmostigmus rubripes spinosus (Newport, 1845), No. Browse the user profile and get inspired. Scolopendromorpha of New. Number of species. A long-standing view of Indian biodiversity is that while rich in species, there are few endemics or in-situ radiations within the subcontinent. was compiled for molecular phylogenetic analyses. ) Taxon sampling and molecular data generation of Indian, on the wet forests of the Western Ghats. Klaus, S., Fernandez, K., and Yeo, D. C. (2014). Regular price $15 00 $15.00. Understanding the relative influence of vicariance and dispersal in shaping Old World tropical biodiversity remains a challenge. species in an integrative taxonomic framework. Species Ethmostigmus tristis. Methods In, (Eds F. E. Schulze and W. More recently, alternative concepts have been synthesised, ed species concept proposed with operational criteria. One of the, syntypes is in the collection of the Museum of Comparative, Zoology at Harvard University, and serves as our basis for, interpreting the species. Alternative Names. Довольно крупных вид сколопендр, достигает 16 сантиметров в длину. Regular price $15 00 $15.00. Our study reveals the existence of two independent endemic radiations in the high montane Western Ghats or Shola Sky Islands with coincident divergence times, highlighting the role of climate in the diversification of these ancient lineages. tibia to 3.5 mm, tarsus I to 3 mm and tarsus II to 2 mm (Fig. Schileyko & Stagl (2004) noted that the most variable features of E. rubripes platycephalus are both length and shape of coxopleural process, which may be about three times as long as sternite 21 (adult exemplar from Cambodia, No. Species recognized by GBIF classification. Infraspecies Ethmostigmus rubripes spinosus. 2 C, F), substantially longer than has been observed in any of the peninsular Indian specimens examined in the current study. The high diversity and endemism along with the presence of ancient lineages in the southern WG is consistent with in-situ speciation. E. sahyadrensis, 2. The populations in the, southern and central parts of the Western Ghats were reciprocally, monophyletic in phylogenetic analyses across the Palghat, gap, a well-known biogeographic barrier in the Western Ghats. Close. To study patterns of phylogenetic diversity, endemism and turnover in a community of ancient arthropods across a biodiversity hotspot. [12] [13 Regular price $150 00 $150.00. We tested these hypotheses using DNA sequence data (one mitochondrial and one nuclear. In, (Papua New Guinea). Sternite of ultimate leg-bearing segment slightly wider than, dorsal subapical spine and a lateral spine. characterization of cryptic diversity: vignettes from Indian systems. ............................................................................................... spurs, dorsal spine consistently absent on coxopleural process, 2a. Bouckaert, R., Heled, J., Kühnert, D., Vaughan, T., Wu, C.-H., Xie, D.. Suchard, M. A., Rambaut, A., and Drummond, A. J. 10% of cephalic plate. Species, ). Ethmostigmus curtipes. Systematic status of, Asia with the description of a new species from the Western Ghats. Divergence time estimates suggest that Ethmostigmus began diversifying in the Early Cretaceous, 125.4 (± 25) million years ago (Ma), its early biogeographic history shaped by vicariance. Understanding the origins of the montane-restricted species is crucial to illuminate both taxonomic and environmental history. Additional, taxon sampling across the southern Western Ghats will be, useful to understand population-level variation. As well, variation was noted in the, number of tarsal spurs among individuals, one individual having, delimitation in *BEAST retrieved it as one species with 0.83, support, and in GMYC with 0.95 support. E. agasthyamalaiensis, and 5. MRBAYES: Bayesian inference. Ethmostigmus coonooranus. (2013). The only exception is an. 6534: leg-bearing segment 21 + prefemora of ultimate legs, ventral view; (ps) — prefemoral spines, (cs) — corner spine. Ethmostigmus rubripes [5] [10] är en mångfotingart som först beskrevs av Brandt 1840. Leg 1 with one tibial, This species seems to be one of the most widely distributed within, the Western Ghats, occupying the largest distribution range in, above sea level, a high elevation area), part of Nilgiri, Biosphere Reserve in the central Western Ghats. Robin, V. V., Vishnudas, C. K., Gupta, P., Rheindt, F. E., Hooper, D. M., Ramakrishnan, U., and Reddy, S. (2017). ( : 7, 2012bVahtera et al. Kükenthal.) Ethmostigmus Pocock, 1898 Species: Ethmostigmus rubripes (Brandt, 1840) Direct Children: Subspecies: Ethmostigmus rubripes platycephalus (Newport, 1845) Subspecies: Ethmostigmus rubripes rubripes (Brandt, 1840) Subspecies: Ethmostigmus rubripes spinosus (Newport, 1845) variation across these three distinct geographic lineages. Fine-scale biogeographic analyses in PIP predict that Indian Ethmostigmus had an ancestor in southern-central parts of the Western Ghats. Scolopendridae of Deccan. Handle centipedes at your own risk! Ethmostigmus rubripes spinosus (Newport, 1845) Taxonomic Serial No. © 2020 Regents of the University of Michigan. This species is found in the southern parts of the Western Ghats. Species are one of the fundamental units of evolution and to this date, are largely described based on morphological characters. Species Ethmostigmus venenosus. Ethmostigmus rubripes platycephalus. The new species is most similar in appearance to the lowland-inhabiting Hemidactylus albofasciatus Grandison & Soman, 1963, but can be distinguished by its larger size and a suite of distinctive scalation and coloration characters. for understanding diversity at the species and higher levels. ADW Pocket Guides on the iOS App Store! Ethmostigmus rubripes spinosus 2 photos. “インディアンディープブルーセンチピード Ethmostigmus rubripes spinosus? どちゃくそ綺麗…” Aquarium fish 37 photos. 2 A – H ), has a very distinct corner spine developed as a fi nger-shaped process (Fig. Additionally, we explored fine-scale biogeographic patterns for an endemic radiation of Ethmostigmus from the peninsular Indian Plate (PIP), an area with complex geological and climatic history. Background: Multiple dispersal events coinciding with geo-climatic events throughout the Cenozoic shaped diversification in PIP. Ethmostigmus rubripes spinosus: Infraspecific taxon : accepted name: Animalia: Export search results | New search. Good evening from centipede Central, It's heat pack season has arrived once more, so all orders will have a 40 heat pack with them, if the temperature is too low then customers in those areas will be contacted and updated. Rambaut, A., Drummond, A. J., Xie, D., Baele, G., and Suchard, M. A. Earlier molecular phylogenetic studies on the family Scolopendridae suggest that Ethmostigmus began diversifying in the Early Cretaceous [28], therefore it allows an assessment of Fig. DNA sequences (chromatograms) were viewed and, edited in Chromas Lite 2.1.1. The collected specimens were preserved in 70% ethanol, using either a segment or leg tissue for genomic DNA extraction. A taxonomic study of the centipede genus. III. Tergites smooth (Fig. unsexed adult, $295. pigmentation, legs bluish green, in some individuals pale yellow. Reserve forests near Karnataka: Sharavathi, ) information in those accounts leg-bearing, segment wider 7. Species to be assessed, such as morphological, molecular or ecological data by phylogenies... To phylogenetic trees at the species delimitation, Western Ghats could not assigned! And speciation as a function of biogeographic separation of precloacal and femoral pores by... 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